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US China containment policy

给美国重返亚太带路

给美国重返亚太带路

美国这两年致力于重返亚太,南海局势紧张就是其标志性的影响,而这个主意正是来自于新加坡前总理李光耀。

李光耀生前曾数次访问美国,力劝美国重返亚洲,2009年奥巴马就任美国总统后,李光耀在华盛顿说,美国如果不继续参与亚洲事务、制衡日渐崛起的中国,将可能丧失世界领先地位。

“重返亚太”并不止于南海。在经贸上对中国造成很大挑战的《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》(TPP)也是由新加坡首倡。李显龙数次催促美国尽快批准该协定,他还威胁道:“如果TPP不能在美国国会获得批准从而胎死腹中,美国将被排除在中国主导的亚洲贸易体系之外。”

分裂东盟国家关系

2015年,新加坡接棒泰国成为中国东盟关系的“协调国”。但实际上,新加坡才更像是搅局的那一方。

今年6月的玉溪会议上,新加坡巡回大使单独发表声明,称中国似乎“在干涉东盟内部事务”、“分化亚细安(东盟)”。

根据《海峡时报》消息,今年4月,中国宣布与东盟的文莱、柬埔寨和老挝,就南海领土争议的解决方式达成了共识,即由个别声索国谈判解决,而不是由东盟整体来参与结局。之后新加坡两位资深外交官就批评称此举是要分化东盟。新加坡前外交高官还曾经公开质疑中国与部分东南亚国家就南海问题达成的共识,并妄称中国干涉东盟内政,向东盟国家施压。

总的来说,新加坡一边称赞中国-东盟关系,一边在南海问题上拉偏架。

【网民评论
liutao1494:“东盟对于新加坡不算什么,东盟整体的对外贸易量和GDP总量新加坡人是瞧不上的。
新加坡人只看重两个内容
1 东亚以中日韩为主体的地区经济活跃带对新加坡的需求。
2 新加坡本身成为东西方资本流通的关键节点。
但如果东亚的未来形成了以中国为核心的区域经济圈,然后将东南亚一些国家纳入进来,则面对这样的地区一元化经济格局,新加坡作何取舍?
靠向北京方向,必然要失去现有的国际金融秩序体系内的地位。但如果不这么做,就必然要被中国所支配安排的地区经济圈排除在外。
因此,新加坡的利益需求与中国的国力发展是平行线,没有交合点。
更直白的说法,如果日本人在80、90年代搞一元化的地区经济圈,那么新加坡也会对日本采取制约性行为的。
压制东方产生一个庞大的经济体是西方资本本能性的反应,比如《广场协议》就是这种思维下的产物。
新加坡人的国家性行为不过是受这种西方资本游戏规则支配下产生的而已。
新加坡人可不在乎什么同文同种的,他们在乎的是新加坡在西方资本世界中的地位。”

liuhuo1954:“全世界对于中国的政治制度都有一个认识误区,那就是中国的政治制度偏颇于所谓的“独裁”、“专制”,这不奇怪,没有推翻满清王朝封建统治,打败蒋介石独裁专制的历史经历,谁会想到会有许许多多的老百姓会死心塌地的跟着一个政党一直“继续革命”?当代许多围绕中国周边的国际争端就是这个认识误区的产物,我们周边的“麻烦制造者”们的一个共识就是中国政府同中国的老百姓是对立的,至少不会得到老百姓的全力以赴的支持,所以,他们才会肆无忌惮地屡屡“不在乎”中国的核心利益。可惜的是他们的这种玩法恰恰把自己推到了中国的对立面,无论政府还是老百姓,美国玩、“普世民主”臭了,小日本玩、“新大东亚共荣”臭了,台独、港灿玩、中国老百姓的国家观念强了。。。
哈哈。大家“为渊驱鱼、为丛驱雀”,然后自然就会有一个强硬的政府和在它的背后亦步亦趋的“精通世界大势”的老百姓,赶脚这是全世界紧锣密鼓地把中国“逼”到不得不称霸的墙角的节奏。”

对以上评论的评注:西方精英和媒体是认为中国的老百姓被中国政府、教育和媒体“洗脑”了。实际上,他们何尝不是对他们的人民进行洗脑,并试图对全世界人民洗脑呢?他们始终坚持反共、反共产主义、反公有制经济。他们所进行的洗脑是打着民主、自由、平等、公正和人权的旗号,维护的核心是私有制经济和个人主义。新加坡领导人把新加坡打造成“西方国家”,坚定地反共,自制一套披上“新儒家”治国外衣的威权政治体制,充当东方国家的典范。民主灯塔国鲜少批评新加坡的威权政治体制。美国在日本、南朝鲜有驻军。在越南的驻军被越南人民赶走了。在菲律宾的驻军被菲律宾人民赶走了。如上所述,在一定程度上可以说,美国重返亚太是新加坡邀请的。美国口口声声要领导世界。新加坡借机邀请美国重返亚太,用美国的军事力量保护自己的利益、维持“地区和国际秩序”,自己作区域的领导者。因此,新加坡在南海问题上摇旗呐喊,拿着南海仲裁案这支鸡毛当令箭四处奔走,呼吁有关国家“尊重”所谓的仲裁结果,不管不顾中国政府一再声明南海仲裁案是非法的、无效的,而且世界上多数国家支持中国在南海问题上的立场,美国国务卿克里也已明确表示,美国对菲律宾单方面提出仲裁案的内容不持立场,明确支持菲律宾跟中国恢复对话,通过双边对话协商来解决目前存在的问题。】

新加坡再搅南海局势 李显龙与安倍共提南海秩序

人民网北京9月29日电 (记者 黄子娟)在今天下午召开的国防部例行记者会上,国防部新闻局局长、国防部新闻发言人杨宇军大校表示,日本是南海的域外国家,新加坡并非南海争议当事方。我们希望有关国家的双边安排有助于南海的和平与稳定,而不是相反。

记者:新加坡总理访日时,与安倍就南海秩序达成一些协议,并表示新加坡在南海存在一些关键利益需要保护,包括航行自由、飞越自由等。请问对此有何回应?

杨宇军:日本是南海的域外国家,新加坡并非南海争议当事方。我们希望有关国家的双边安排有助于南海的和平与稳定,而不是相反。

【围绕南海问题,“罗胡之争”尚未落幕,新加坡总理李显龙在昨日访日时又重谈南海问题。新加坡对南海争端的介入由来已久,但更多扮演美国的“传话筒”。新加坡并非南海争端的当事方,对于南海争端的利益涉及有限,主要谋求南海地区的和平稳定。对于新加坡而言,由于自身实力相对有限,主要借助美国力量来营造有利的周边环境。随着中国的崛起及其在东南亚影响的增大,新加坡有所担忧,并和美日等国在牵制或限制中国发展上存在利益共识。南海争端作为中国崛起的一大软肋,美国是紧盯不放,不时对南海争端煽风点火,还积极拉拢日本、新加坡等国家搅局南海。在东盟内部,新加坡是美国在南海问题上的重要代言人。
新加坡在南海问题上向来搅局,试图浑水摸鱼。对于新加坡而言,只要南海争端持续发酵,新加坡处理中美关系才能更加得心应手。不过随着中美两国战略竞争的加剧以及现代传媒技术的发展,新加坡玩的那些小把戏已日益困难,并且引起了中国民众的强烈不满。如此前的南海仲裁案,就有传言新加坡在其中发挥了重要角色,并且新加坡还是除越南、菲律宾以外,东盟国家中唯一一个对所谓仲裁结果明确表达认可的国家。当中国和东盟国家在外长会议期间达成的务实性声明中没有提及南海仲裁的相关字眼后,新加坡总理李显龙却在访问美国期间再次呼吁有关国家“尊重”所谓的仲裁结果。即便当前南海争端降温,新加坡依然谋求搅局南海,实在是令人大跌眼镜,同时也令人怀疑其意图。
新加坡在南海既不争地,也不争水,到底图什么?新加坡一直批评部分域外国家在南海问题上撕裂东盟,极力推进东盟在南海议题上集体发声。如果东盟共识关于南海的共识成为不结盟运动的共识,那将是新加坡和东盟外交的巨大成功。换句话说,南海议题之于新加坡,绝对是一个重要的外交机会,它希望在该议题上发挥出自己的独到魅力,推动自己的主张变成东盟的主张,然后变成世界的。新加坡在安全上与美国等国有着很强的亲近感,在南海问题上很容易跟着美国走。新加坡笃信远交近攻,自独立以来,在安全上对马来西亚、印尼等东南亚国家统统不放心,对中国不放心,只对美国放心,认为美国在东南亚地区的军事存在不可或缺,它可能是东南亚地区最欢迎美国“亚太再平衡”战略的国家。一方面美国是当今世界的头号大国,另一方面,美新两国交往的历史较长,双方在价值观、政治经济制度等方面较为接近,新加坡是位于东南亚的“西方国家”,被美国纳入“亚太再平衡”战略中的盟友。在新加坡看来,中国的和平崛起尚不确定,在安全上对地区的贡献还没有得到检验,只有美国可以确保该地区的秩序,也只能美国可以平衡中国的力量。于是,新加坡决心助力于美国利用南海问题,推进“亚太再平衡”战略。】

国防部回应美韩部署"萨德"系统:中国人说话算数

WASHINGTON, Sept. 27 -- The United States intends to deploy the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) anti-missile system in South Korea "as soon as possible," a senior U.S. official said Tuesday.
"Given the accelerating pace of North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)'s missile tests, we intend to deploy on an accelerated basis -- I would say as soon as possible," Daniel Russel, U.S. assistant secretary of state, told a hearing held by the Asia Pacific subcommittee of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
The senior official did not provide the timeline of the deployment, saying that "perhaps our colleagues in the Defense Department and the Republic of Korea" can comment on the timeline.
Russel also said that the THAAD system is "a defensive measure aimed not at China, but at North Korea (DPRK)."
In July, Seoul and Washington announced an agreement to install one THAAD battery in South Korea by the end of next year, claiming that it was aimed to deter ballistic missiles from the DPRK.
China and Russia have expressed strong opposition to the THAAD deployment on the Korean Peninsula as the system far exceeds South Korea's actual defense needs.
The deployment is not conducive to the denuclearization of the Peninsula nor to maintaining peace and stability, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said in July.
It said the move goes against efforts to calm regional tension, and severely harms the security interests of countries in the area including China, as well as the "strategic balance" in the region.
China urged the United States and South Korea to terminate the deployment of THAAD, and not to take any action which may complicate the regional situation and harm China's interests.

China is suggesting her combat readiness for American bombers' adventures in the Asia-Pacific

Colonel Shen Jinke, Chinese Air Force spokesman, August 28, at the "Hero Camp" of the Air Force (a former SA-2 missile camp of People's Liberation Army that firstly shot down the CIA sponsored Martin RB-57D carrying out deep penetration reconnaissance flights over the Mainland of China, on October 7, 1959, in the world, ) indicated that the Chinese Air Force has been combat-ready capability after equipped with China's homegrown third-generation surface to air missile systems. "Through innovation, currently, the surface-to-air defense forces are able to deal with far-range, medium-range and short-range missiles which can come in on high, medium and low altitudes. The capability of China's air defense and anti-missile systems has greatly improved in the information age we live in. Our surface-to-air forces are now a powerful force to safeguard China's airspace sovereignty."

According Shen's brief introduction, the Air Force air defense and anti-missile systems combining the well-known HQ-9 medium-high altitude and medium-long range surface to air missiles again all types of aviation raid target, the HQ-12, newly medium-high-altitude air defense missiles, and the HQ-6 missile and artillery gun, a new generation of low altitude and end air defense interceptor with high accuracy of missile and high fire rate of air defense anti-aircraft artillery gun.

中国空军形成高中低空相结合防空反导作战体系,第三代地空导弹已形成作战能力

不久前,美军3款不同世代的轰炸机B-2、B-1B与B-52首度以分列式队形飞越关岛基地,之后分别在南海与东北亚区域同步展开任务。有报道指出,美方高调公布该消息,旨在回应中国在南海填海造岛的行动。2015年底,美国一架B-52战略轰炸机就曾进入中国华阳礁2海里范围内。

中国空军新闻发言人申进科大校8月28日在空军“英雄营”表示:开创世界上首次使用地空导弹击落敌机先例的“英雄营”,装备中国自主研发的第三代地空导弹后,已经形成作战能力。目前,空军地面防空兵在创新驱动发展中形成了远中近程、高中低空相结合的作战体系,信息化条件下防空反导能力全面提升,构筑起捍卫国家空天安全的蓝天盾牌。

申进科介绍,在胜利日大阅兵上亮相的红旗-9地空导弹,主要用于抗击各类航空空袭目标,是我军中高空中远程防空装备;红旗-12地空导弹,是中国自主设计的新型中高空防空武器;红旗-6弹炮,是我军新一代末端防御武器装备,以导弹的高精度和高炮的高射速实现末端防空拦截。

军事专家杜文龙在接受央视《今日关注》采访时表示,中国的防空反导能力正在向反导型和抵御隐身目标型转向。面对可能的核威胁,只有拥有有效的导弹防御系统,国家才能真正竖起“蓝天盾牌”。
杜文龙指出,目前,中国的防空作战能力发展有两大趋势,一是由防空向反导转型,即从过去单一打飞机的防空转向应对导弹和机载武器攻击的防空;二是由针对非隐身目标向针对隐身目标转型,如今美国的F-22和F-35在我国附近空域出现的频率越来越高,许多周边国家在大力发展隐形飞机,能否实时发现、准确跟踪、及时拦截隐形目标,成为衡量防空网络优劣的重要指标。

  中国第三代地空导弹实现了成体系发展

  据尹卓介绍,中国空军装备的第三代地空导弹具备很强的作战能力,可在复杂电磁环境下对多目标进行判别、跟踪、锁定和打击,与美国“爱国者-3”、俄罗斯S-300、S-400等第三代地空导弹处在同一技术水平。第三代地空导弹采用车载机动式发射,可部署于战区或集团军,执行野战任务;还可以执行要地防空任务,部署于沿海地区、大中型城市、大型港口、核基地或重要指挥和通信中心;此类导弹武器系统运输便捷,可通过大型运输机进行远程投送。此外,我国第三代导弹还登上了水面舰艇,拥有很强的对海空目标的打击能力和抗干扰能力。

  尹卓表示,中国第三代地空导弹已经形成了远、中、近和极近程的系列化配置,其中包括射程数百公里的红旗-9、中高空拦截导弹红旗-16和红旗-12、中低空拦截弹炮红旗-6、以及针对超低空超音速反舰导弹的弹炮合一系统,加之电子侦察和电子干扰设施,如此便形成了一个完整的防空体系,“可使任何敢于侵犯我国领空的国家付出惨重代价。”

中国在建战略防空反导体系

美国一直对反导系统热情不减,更大力在全球范围内部署反导系统,如今美国还将在韩国部署“萨德”反导系统,将其反导触角伸到中国家门口。美国部署反导系统,让中国被迫要部署实际有效的反导系统,并且由于中国面临的实际威胁情况,又必须具备拦截洲际导弹的能力,这催生了中国目前可居世界领先地位的反导\反卫武器系统。

杜文龙表示,由于国家战略不同,中美两国建立的反导防御系统的性质并不相同。一个国家的军事战略能力包括战略进攻能力和战略防御能力,弹道导弹防御是战略防御的一项重要能力。对中国而言,做到攻防均衡应该是正常选择。对我国来说,防御可能遭受的核打击是我们需要解决的当务之急,只有拥有了有效的导弹防御系统,国家才能真正竖起“蓝天盾牌”。

根据媒体的披露报道和学者的研究,中国在建的战略防空反导体系依靠的也是三大主力:红旗-19、动能-3和动能-2,其承担的任务与美军增程型萨德、陆基中段反导(GBI)、高轨反卫星武器相类似。

中国军方从2010年至今的陆续进行的几次反导试验,主要以红旗-19为主。该导弹类似美军正计划研制的增程型萨德拦截弹。其特点是同时兼顾末段拦截和中段拦截。红旗-19的性能要远远优于美军萨德,在2013、2014年的拦截试验中,其成功再现当年美国标准3拦截USA-193的情况:在200公里以上高度以接近10,000米/秒的相对速度拦截模拟来袭洲际导弹的目标。此外,中国在建的055型驱逐舰可以搭载红旗-19,使中国拥有海基反导、反卫星功能。随着红旗-19未来研制成功,在美国GBI导弹继续完善、增程THAAD导弹研制成功之前,它将成为世界上技术性能最强的反导拦截弹。

近年来,中国还进行了美国国防部称之为“动能-2”和“动能-3”的导弹试验。报道认为,这两种导弹是基于东风-26、东风-21乃至东风-31、东风-41等型号导弹的部分技术研制。其中动能-2是一种可以直接攻击高轨道卫星的导弹,要达到这个性能,其助推器可能是借助现有洲际导弹技术研制,上面级则可能需要安装液体火箭发动机。而动能-3则可能是类似GBI的远程中段拦截弹,更加强调大气层外拦截来袭导弹的能力,可能使用中远程导弹的技术进行研制。

动能-2和动能-3导弹的基本构型,可能与中国近年来研制的多种固体燃料小型运载火箭相似。从这两种导弹的试验情况来看,前后多次试验中,它们都被打到了远超过弹道导弹正常轨道的高度,这一方面是验证反卫能力,同时也能验证拦截高速的洲际导弹的能力。

动能-3的主要任务,应该是针对飞越北极而来的敌方洲际导弹实施拦截,其性能将肯定比红旗-19要再上一个台阶,几乎可以肯定,它的设计指标会高于美国的GBI拦截弹。

10万人向白宫请愿 反对在韩部署萨德

【联合早报网讯,2016年8月11日 星期四,文/李秈霓】已有超过10万人在美国白宫网站上请愿,要求美国政府撤回在韩国部署“萨德”反导系统的计划。

韩国国际广播电台报道,一名网名H.S的美籍韩侨上月15日在白宫请愿网站上发起请愿,要求美国政府撤回在韩国部署“萨德”反导系统的计划,并呼吁“萨德”选址庆尚北道星州郡的居民参与请愿。

星州反萨德斗争委员会表示,该请愿活动并不只是反对在星州部署“萨德”系统,而是要求撤销在韩半岛部署“萨德”系统的计划。星州反萨德斗争委员会呼吁其他地区居民也积极参与。

在请愿活动开始后的27天里,参加请愿者已突破10万人。截至11日上午,已有超过10.3万人在白宫请愿网站上签名。

请愿内容如在30天内获得10万人以上签名支持,白宫将在60天内对请愿表明立场或召开听证会。

Smearing China not help resolve South China Sea disputes

As the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague will announce the so-called "award" on July 12, a new smear campaign against China has emerged, this time by veteran Washington attorney Paul Reichler.

Though Reichler as an international lawyer enjoys a reputation for representing small countries against big powers, he has no right to depict China as an "outlaw state" for no reason.

In an interview with Reuters on Wednesday, the Philippines' chief lawyer said China risks being seen as an "outlaw state" unless it respects the outcome.

[Comment:
The Philippines, a U.S. ally, is challenging the validity of the China's nine-dash line referring to the demarcation line of the South China Sea, that came almost half a century ahead of the UNCLOS. The so-called South China Sea tensions have been mounting since Obama-Hillary Administration took America's policy of containment of China to a strategy of “Pivot to Asia”, or more specifically “US rebalancing to Asia”. US defence secretary, Leon Panetta, announced that the Pentagon would shift 60 percent of US naval assets to the Indo-Pacific region by 2020, in 2012. US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel declared that the US Air Force would also “allocate 60 percent of its overseas-based forces to the Asia Pacific—including tactical aircraft and bombers from the continental United States.” In the same year the Philippines arbitration case against China was brought by the previous Philippine government of Benigno Aquino III, and Paul Reichler, a Washington lawyer, was appointed the Philippines' chief counsel representing the Philippines.

Paul Reichler is an international lawyer but not usually known as "for representing small countries against big powers." He plays a role in the escalation of Washington’s aggressive moves against China. He, like former US State secretary Hillary Clinton (a lawyer-politician), acts as a master dissembling international law. The Philippines case is a move of Washington playing chess game of "US rebalancing to Asia”.

Joseph Santolan pointed out in the last year: "Manila’s legal case, which aims to invalidate the entirety of China’s nine-dash line territorial claim to the South China Sea, is part of Washington’s campaign of increasing military and political pressure against Beijing. Over the past year, Washington has not only brought military tensions in the sea to a fever pitch with its deliberate provocations against China, it has moved to undermine China’s territorial claims as well.
In December 2014, the US State Department issued a 26-page memorandum studying China’s maritime claim in the South China Sea, which concluded that, unless China revised its claim, it was 'not in accordance with the law of the sea'." -- Joseph Santolan "US lawyers argue Manila’s case against China in The Hague", 9 July, 2015.

Paul Reichler told the Associated Press late Thursday (June 30, 2016) he was optimistic the court would rule in his client's favor. He barely spoke out the pursuer of Washington brought Philippines case. He wish the South China Sea could be the next hotspots in the world. "If the nine-dash line is unlawful as applied by China against the Philippines, then logically it is equally unlawful as applied by China" against other states, such as Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei, Reichler said. He said if China persisted in trying to enforce illegal claims, it would impact relations with its neighbors.

It's obviously that Washington and some international figures such as American lawyer Reichler, Japanese lawyer-diplomat Judge Yanai, attempt to rewrite China's history and direct an arbitration based on an abuse of international law and the international arbitration mechanism, in order to serve US pivot to Asia. Washington set on fire anywhere in Asia, and its minions fan the flames to burn China with neighbors. But, in fact, as of today, the record shows that China has successfully concluded territorial disputes with 12 of its 14 neighbors. This is quite an accomplishment. What's more, China has no aspirations to colonize or conquer foreign lands. Nor does it uphold any religious or ideological motives to influence other people or to take over foreign lands. Solving remaining territorial disputes continues to be pursued peacefully. China is firmly moving forward. The US pivot to Asia will fail.

President Xi Jinping warned foreign countries against "harming" China's sovereignty on last Friday, July 1, 2016. "No foreign country should expect us to swallow the bitter pill of harm to our national sovereignty, security or development interests," said Xi.

Let me take some space looking at concepts of "American leadership" in the world motivating US pivot to Asia, the one slogan Washington leaders flaunt and American people commonly acclaim.

About two year ago, President Obama delivered remarks on American leadership at the United States Military Academy Commencement Ceremony. Shortly after beginning part, he showed off four years more counterterrorism efforts and economy out of the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, then asserted, "by most measures, America has rarely been stronger relative to the rest of the world," "From Europe to Asia, we are the hub of alliances unrivaled in the history of nations." "So the United States is the one indispensable nation. That has been true for the century passed, and will likely be true for the century to come,” he said. ("Can the US really lead the world for another 100 years?" Quora posted. Answers disagree. Jerry Mc Kenna, Amateur astronomer, said "The US doesn't lead the world and is not even close. It can be seen a leader of the West, if you define the West as the countries that were in the Western part of Europe after WWII, plus the US and Canada. The US imposed its order after WWII, on a virtually bankrupt Europe, it didn't have a choice since it was the lead power among the victors (Britain was broke). That order has been accepted because the nations under it have done well in the last 60 years. One can add Japan and Korea to the mix for similar reasons. The US needed Japan and helped rebuild Japan, the US had troops in South Korea to keep the truce. In the rest of the world, the results of US power aren't as clearly positive and US leadership is barely accepted and barely tolerated (just look at Iraq)."

Irene Colthurst, Observant of the drama: "'Another'? Wait. The Second World War ended in 1945, and was immediately followed by the Cold War. Technically, the US did not achieve unipolar superpower status until late 1991, when the USSR collapsed. So, at most, the US 'led' the world through the 1990s.")

“America must always lead on the world stage," Obama declared. "If we don’t, no one else will.”

He spent his much time describing his vision for how the U.S. and its military should lead in the years to come. First of all, "The United States will use military force, unilaterally if necessary, when our core interests demand it -- when our people are threatened, when our livelihoods are at stake, when the security of our allies is in danger." "On the other hand, when issues of global concern do not pose a direct threat to the United States, when such issues are at stake -- when crises arise that stir our conscience or push the world in a more dangerous direction but do not directly threaten us -- then the threshold for military action must be higher. In such circumstances, we should not go it alone. Instead, we must mobilize allies and partners to take collective action." This president prescription well interprets, to take the South China Sea as an example, what the US has done about the sea areas in dispute (stir American conscience?), such leadership, in fact, has been pushing the area issues between China and some countries directly related in the progress of bilateral dialogue and negotiation towards dangerous.

Obama's principles of American leadership and everything the US has done are full of contradiction. The point of American leadership is American strength. "In each case, we built coalitions to respond a specific challenge," do more to strengthen the institutions such as NATO, working with NATO allies to meet new missions, both within Europe (reassurance of Eastern allies,) and beyond Europe's borders (counterterrorism,) but reduce the U.N. to a platform to keep the peace in states torn apart by conflict. (The U.S. has, since the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, done about everything it could to undermine the U.N. Obama's opinion of the U.N. is close to US withdrawal from the United Nations.)

"In the Asia Pacific, we’re supporting Southeast Asian nations as they negotiate a code of conduct with China on maritime disputes in the South China Sea. And we’re working to resolve these disputes through international law." By the South China Sea Obama talked about American example leadership. "American influence is always stronger when we lead by example," "We can’t try to resolve problems in the South China Sea when we have refused to make sure that the Law of the Sea Convention is ratified by our United States Senate (As of today nothing has been done about it by the United Congress. We may predict that will never happen), despite the fact that our top military leaders say the treaty advances our national security." (By Obama's example leadership, it is logically that the US has done about the South China could be branded as an "outlaw state" by international community.)

Now Xi gave the official response to Obama's US leadership that the world order should be decided not by one country or a few, but by broad international agreement. "It's for the people of all countries to decide through consultations what international order and global governance systems can benefit the world and people of all nations," he says.]

北京「組合拳」強烈震撼美利堅

中央電視台和北京衛視近期分別熱播回憶當年中美激戰的電視劇《彭德懷元帥》和《三八線》,在神州大地好評如潮,顯示中國正努力提高中華民族軟實力。在美國人看來,《彭德懷元帥》和《三八線》發放的時候很不尋常。習近平近日訪問東歐的第一件事就是到被美國轟炸的中國駐南聯盟大使館舊址,憑弔邵雲環、許杏虎、朱穎等三位遇難烈士。塞爾維亞總統及夫人、塞爾維亞議長、塞爾維亞總理以及所有內閣成員都陪同出席憑弔儀式,此情此景向世界傳遞了中國不會忘記過去的強烈信息。

習近平憑弔烈士後,美國國務卿克里半夜三更給王毅外長的電話追到塞爾維亞首都貝爾格萊德。名義是「就中美關係及相關問題交換意見」,實際上華盛頓已經感受到北京「組合拳」的強大威力。1999年的科索沃戰爭是美國發動的不義戰爭,美國耍流氓手段,轟炸了中國駐南斯拉夫大使館。當時的美國總統克林頓雖然作出了道歉,並作出賠償,但難忘的記憶卻不會在中國和世界人民的腦海中消失。今天,華盛頓仍然利用各種手段干涉中國的內政,企圖顛覆中國政府,迫使北京使出「組合拳」。

中國之所以可以從容面對快速變化的國際形勢,與其綜合國力的快速提升有關。中國貿易量、專利申請數量均超過美國;外匯儲備世界第一;中國學生在國際比賽中屢屢獲獎;軍事研究以前所未有的速度快速向世界一流水平邁進。這些也深深震撼着像奧巴馬這樣心胸狹窄、典型的西方政客。

China responds briefly to Ashton Carter's mindset about China

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying: We have noted US Defense Secretary Carter’s remarks on China, which reflect the typical American thinking and hegemony. Some from the US side, while living in the 21th century, are still thinking with the Cold War mentality. They fabricate alarming news and stories and seek and create opponents for themselves around the world. This time, their target is the Asia-Pacific, because they want to send large amounts of highly-advanced weapons to the region, as Mr. Carter himself pointed out in his speech. I want to say that given the level of globalization, clinging to the Cold War mindset will lead nowhere. We have no interest in any form of Cold War, nor do we intend to star in any of the “Hollywood blockbuster” scripted and directed by some officials of the US military. But China is not afraid of and will definitely respond to any action that threatens or undermines China’s territorial sovereignty and security.

China and the US have extensive common interests and face common challenges in the Asia-Pacific region. The two sides have everything to gain from cooperation and to loose from confrontation. Non-conflict, non-confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation best serves the fundamental interests of the two countries and peoples as well as peace and development of the region and beyond. In fact, the two sides have reached important consensus on constructively managing and controlling disputes. It is hoped that the US could work with China, enhance dialogue, communication and cooperation, interact with China in the Asia-Pacific region in a positive, inclusive, and cooperative way and promote regional peace, stability and prosperity along with regional countries.

[Comment: Ashton Cater calls himself a physicist, but he actually plays a police chief of the global order and world system, and more like a theological judge of the Roman Inquisition in the Middle Ages.]

美防长:美将长期与华对抗 就像美苏冷战那样

美国国防部长卡特25日声称,美国必将面临长期与中俄“竞争”的局面,尽管美国在世界其他多个地区陷入麻烦,但继续推进“亚太再平衡”政策对美国来说依旧至关重要。

卡特还称,面对崛起的中国,美国保持亚太地区稳定与安全的努力类似于过去50年美国同苏联的冷战对峙,“这将是坚决、温和但强有力的长期对抗,很可能会持续好些年,我们的亚太再平衡不会浅尝辄止,而会长期进行。”

  中国人民大学国际关系学院副院长金灿荣26日对《环球时报》表示,卡特的话不能说是美国共识,但可以说是军方共识。从中国角度看,他的很多判断有问题。中美关系并不像美苏关系,时代背景和结构都不一样。当时是冷战,现在是全球化。结构上看,中美虽然有冲突,而且冲突比例在增加,但合作面大,利益交织,比美苏对峙要复杂。

(Ashton B Carter: "WHY REBALANCE WILL SUCEEED
So there is so much that goes into the rebalance. Let me close by noting that there are those who have concerns about, and perhaps some who have hope for, a theory that our rebalance will not be lasting, or that it’s not sustainable.
I’m a physicist, and I therefore put facts against theory, and let me tell you why this theory doesn’t fit the facts.
The rebalance will continue, and in fact gain momentum for two reasons:
First, U.S. interests in the region are enduring, and so also will be our political and economic presence. This presence is accompanied by values of democracy, freedom, human rights, civilian control of the military, and respect for the sovereignty of nations that America has long stood for, and that human beings welcome and I think relate to.
So our interest in staying a pivotal force in the region will, we believe, be reciprocated.
Second, we have the resources to accomplish the rebalance. Some who wish to question the rebalance to the Asia-Pacific theater point to the current, seemingly endless debate in Washington about the U.S. budget, and wonder whether all this can be accomplished.
I’m interested to hear this because I’m more accustomed to listening to people question why the U.S. spends more on defense than the next 16 largest militaries in the world combined. This statistic is true and won’t change much in coming years. It’s also worth noting that most of the rest of the money that the world spends on defense is spent by countries that are allies and friends of the United States. These levels of defense spending are a reflection of the amount of responsibility that the U.S. and its friends and allies share for providing peace and security." -- Ashton B Carter, as Deputy Secretary of Defense, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, D.C., April 08, 2013)

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